The Saint Joseph Cathedral was built between 1873-1884 following the plans of the Viennese architect dr. Friedrich Schmidt.
On a Friday, the 15th of February 1884, the archbishop Ignaţiu Paoli celebrated the holy Pontifical Mass for the consecration and inauguration of the Saint Joseph Cathedral.
The registers of the parish show that the first baptism was celebrated on the 4th of February 1884, and the first marriage on the 3rd of May 1884.
By the decree of 29th of January 1895, the archbishop Otto Zardetti established the Parish of the Saint Joseph Cathedral, as the cathedral also became a parish church.
The Saint Joseph Cathedral suffered significant damages following the earthquakes of 1929, 1940, 1977, 1986 and 1990, but also because of the 1944 bombardments. The earthquake of the 4th of March 1977 specifically destroyed many of the interior and exterior amenities of the Cathedral.
Since the 1st of September 2013, in the side altar of the Holy Heart of Jesus, under the Crucifixion icon, the remains of Monsignor Vladimir Ghika, martyr priest, beatified on the 31st of August 2013 in Bucharest, were placed.
Dedication day of the Cathedral: Saint Joseph, husband of Holy Mary – 19th of March.